On Saturday, the New York Times published an incredibly informative article on the deregulation of the trucking industry. If you are a truck accident lawyer in Maryland or elsewhere, I would suggest reading the entire article. Here are some of the highlights:
*In 1937, the first driving hour limits were set. Truckers were allowed to drive up to 10 continuous hours, but were required to rest for a minimum of 8 hours. The remaining six hours could be used for other work activities, like loading, or for breaks or meals. Truckers could drive up to 60 hours over 7 consecutive days, or 70 hours over 8 days. To enforce those rules, the government required drivers to keep logs.
*In 1999, Congress created the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in response to what lawmakers considered ineffectual regulation and high casualties. A year later, the agency proposed tighter service hour rules. They would allow long-haul drivers to work a maximum of 12 hours a day and require them to take 10-hour breaks between shifts. They also required installation of electronic devices to replace driver logs.
*In April 2003, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration reversed gears and issued rules that increased the maximum driving hours to 77 from 60 over 7 consecutive days and to 88 hours from 70 over 8 consecutive days. The new rules capped daily work hours at 14, which included driving as well as waiting for loading and unloading. The Agency also decided not to require truck companies to install electronic monitoring devices.
*During the 2000 election cycle, trucking executives and political action committees gave more than $4.3 million in donations to the Republicans and less than $1 million to Democrats. From 2000 to 2006, the trucking industry directed more than $14 million in campaign contributions to Republicans.
*The trucking industry’s donations and lobbying fees – about $37 million from 2000 to 2005 – led to rules that have saved what industry officials estimate are billions of dollars in expenses linked to tougher trucking regulations.
*The fatality rate for truck-related accidents remains nearly double that involving only cars (according to safety experts).
*The practice of falsifying truck driver hours is an open secret in the trucking industry; truckers routinely refer to their logs as “comic books.” Fines are small and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration does not have the staff to closely monitor 700,000 businesses and almost eight million trucks.
The article goes on to tell the story of a truck driver from Virginia who claims to have been taught to conceal excessive driving hours in his truck during his training last January by his former employer, Boyd Brothers Transportation of Birmingham, Alabama. The truck driver said his orientation instructor at Boyd Brothers told his class that government inspectors were allowed to examine a monthly logbook if it was bound, but taught the truck drivers a back door. If the staples were removed, the trucking log was considered “loose leaf” and inspectors could require an examination of only those pages from the most recent seven days.
To keep inspectors off the trail, the truck driver alleged that the drivers were told to use fuel credit cards that recorded only the date, not the time, of the fuel stop. He added that the trucking company he worked for pushed him to work longer hours than permitted, and that his logbooks were “adjusted” frequently to make it appear as if the truck driver was within the legal limits. He said he told a dispatcher several times he was too tired to make another trip but he was still ordered to do so after just a few hours sleep.
I recently read Factors That Affect Fatigue in Heavy Truck Accidents, a 1995 Department of Transportation study. The study found that the three most important factors in predicting a fatigue-related truck accident are: (1) the duration of the last sleep period, (2) the total hours of sleep obtained during the 24 hours prior to the accident, and (3) the breaking of sleep into small blocks of time, or split sleep patterns.
The recommendation that came out of that study was to revise the antiquated 1937 hours of service regulations. Specifically, the National Transportation Safety Board urged a new rule within two years to revise the pertinent federal regulations to require sufficient rest provisions to enable drivers to obtain at least eight continuous hours of sleep after driving for 10 hours or being on duty for 15 hours, as the New York Times article discusses. But now you know the rest of the story. By the way, I know deregulation has saved American consumers a lot of money, there is no question about it. But at what price?
I have a truck accident case in Baltimore, Maryland where the truck driver is disputing liability. We contacted the company to let them know of the lawsuit before the 6 months had elapsed to keep the truck driver’s log books (or as the article calls them, comic books). Yet, somehow, the truck driver’s lawyer tells me the log books have somehow disappeared. Go figure. It will be interesting to see how a Maryland federal district court judge is going to handle this issue.