Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) is an obstetrical condition where the baby’s head is too bid in proportion to the size of the pregnant mother’s pelvic bone. CPD presents dangers for both mother and baby during labor and delivery. An overly large head means that the baby will have difficulty passing through the birth canal. This typically means labor and delivery of the baby will be prolonged and stressful.
A baby normally enters the birth canal with its face toward one side or the other of the mother If the head comes into the birth canal or tries to get into the birth canal but cannot because there is a mismatch between the size of the head compared to the size of the birth canal, that is called cephalopelvic disproportion. This is not a safe situation for the baby because it can cause oxygen deprivation. Continue reading