Articles Posted in Litigation Strategies

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attorneyThere are lots of insurance defense lawyers in Maryland that you just cannot figure out why someone would hire them to defend a personal injury case.  They unnecessarily complicate cases, bill hours on things that are completely unrelated to anything that would actually benefit the defense and, often, juries cannot stand them because there is a positive correlation between someone willing to be this annoying and how annoying they actually are, according to independent studies that I have conducted.

Why Insurance Companies Hire These Lawyers

The lawyer that fits this profile sometimes gets a lot of work.  Why?  Like any job, insurance adjusters are all kinds of different people.  Democrats and Republicans.  Athletes and bookworms.  Compassionate and mean.  Attractive and not-so-much.  But, disproportionately,  they are tough guys.  They want to wage war in the seas and the valley and talk tough and be tough.  For some of them, the rest of their lives belie this mentality.  But that is a whole different story. Continue reading →

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shutterstock_73907023The average verdict in a Maryland auto tort case is around $12,000.

How can this be?  I’ll tell you how it be: attorneys filing cases in Circuit Court that just should not be going in front of a jury.

These are my thoughts after reading about a recent jury verdict in Anne Arundel County.  It was a garden variety auto accident case.  The 21 year-old plaintiff, a college student from Pennsylvania, was driving with his mother in the left lane at a speed of 55 to 60 mph when they got into a collision with another vehicle.   Plaintiff did what a passenger should do in this case where the cause of the crash is in dispute.  He sued both drivers.

So the case went to trial on the following facts:

  • Plaintiff’s medical expert was a chiropractor
  • There was no objective injury – pure soft tissue injuries
  • Plaintiff had $9,260 in chiropractor bills
  • Plaintiff was suing his mother (Allstate) and another defendant (State Farm)
  • The case was in Anne Arundel County, a relatively conservative venue

What could possibly go wrong?  All that is missing is a preexisting injury to make for the perfect storm.

Why These Facts Make for an Impossible Climb

This case apparently went to trial under the premise that this 21 year-old was a competitive swimmer who can no longer compete because of the injuries from this accident.   That might get you a foot in the door but not on these facts. First, the young man was a college student in Pennsylvania.  His story is that he and his mother were driving to Johns Hopkins for an interview with the swim team.

First, if swimming is a big priority in your life, and you get into an accident that keeps you from swimming at the level you were before the crash, shouldn’t you be seeing a medical doctor and shouldn’t that doctor come to trial to testify as the relationship between the accident and his ability to swim?   Does anyone in this situation bypass a medical doctor and ring up nearly $10,000 in chiropractic bills?

Moreover, while it might have been better explained at trial then in this jury report,  it does not make a lot of factual sense either,   If he is a college student in Pennsylvania and he is 21 years-old, why is he traveling to Hopkins to meet with their swim team.

The other facts I listed above are killer.  Chiropractors can do some great work.  But if that is all in the way of medical testimony at trial in a case where the plaintiff is claiming a permanent injury, then I think you have lost before you started.  It is also hard to defend $9,260 in chiropractor bills.

Of course, there is also the suing the mom aspect of the whole case.  Sometimes, it can work to your advantage because it is almost a tell to the jury that the mother must have auto insurance and, for some reasons the jurors can’t figure out, this fact is being kept from them by the lawyers and the judge.  But that advantage disappears in a small case like this, I think, and the focus shifts to how weird the whole thing is.

So what happened?  The plaintiff has to win the case.  He is a passenger.  The jury spent 45 minutes — probably 20 of which was spent picking a foreman – to find his mother negligent and the State Farm driver not responsible.  The jury’s award was a paltry $2,885, probably less than the out-of-pocket costs to bring the case to trial.

State Farm had named Robert Riederman, a Baltimore orthopedist and frequent flyer insurance defense expert, as a witness to testify at trial.  But, smartly, they knew calling him to testify could be the path to snatching defeat from the jaws of victory.

What Is the Take Home Message?

The take home message to me is that if you take a soft tissue injury case in front of fairly conservative jury, you are going to get a bad result 95% of the time unless you have some compelling facts to move the jurors to provide real compensation.   If you know on your best day that you cannot do this, you are probably better off keeping your case in District Court.

The other lesson here is that statistics that show that the median or average verdict in an auto tort case in Maryland are very low are extremely misleading.   Cases like this junk up the pool of cases that go to trial, sending those averages far south of what they would be if counsel make better choices in which cases they take to trial.  That said, even wise counsel ends of up taking dogs like this case to trial now and again.  Why?  Because if a lawyer is doing the job in the right way, the clients are the ones driving the train and making the decisions, as opposed to their counsel shoving their decision down their throats.  If a client makes an ill advised choice to try a case, you have to either refer the case to someone else or see the case though.

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Comp and personal injury

Do you have both a comp claim and PI case?

Many of our personal injury clients bring both a regular civil claim and a workers’ compensation claim.  Yet we get calls every week from someone who has an otherwise valid tort claim that may not bring that claim because of the workers’ compensation law.

Obviously, two claims are better than one.  This post explains the types of cases in which you can bring both claims and those you cannot and why.  Continue reading →

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We have rejected a number of tort cases because Medical Assistance made payments for the victim’s outstanding bills. Why? Because the state simply refused to significantly reduce (or at all) its lien to account for attorneys’ fees. Sure, DHMH could reduce or waive their lien if it will cause “substantial hardship.” But “substantial hardship” was not defined and I think we had a very different definition than the subrogation folks at Medical Assistance.

It might sound a little heartless but it is the exact opposite. The Medical Assistance problem did not impact our attorneys’ fees but did have a real impact in how much money the client could recover in the case. If we don’t think we can make the client happy at the end of the case, we are not going to pursue the claim, regardless of how much money we think we can make on the case.

But things are now a lot better because of new rules that have adopted by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and codified as COMAR 10.09.83. Pursuant to these new regulations, the state will now allow for attorneys (I’m not sure about pro se plaintiffs, I need to read it again) to negotiate a reduction in the lien to account for the victims’ legal fees.

This new plan is not a straight reduction and it certaintly seems to provide greater relief in larger cases. The formula is a little bit complicated but one thing is clear: there will be reductions of Medical Assistance liens in almost every tort case. This will be good in almost all Medical Assistance cases… and will be great in some.

(I knew this rule was coming, but I’m embarrassed to say that this rule came out at the end of May and I’m just learning about it now. What? You didn’t know about it either? I feel better.)

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This is a pretty good blog post on storytelling, which is useful to any lawyer giving an opening statement.

Nothing earth shattering but good advice. The one thing I would add is what most lawyers don’t do: talk in the present tense. People just listen better when the speaker is not using past tense.

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Lawyers always argue over anything where there is not black and white set rules. (Actually, we argue when there are set rules, too.)

No one exactly knows the rules of the sequences of discovery because the rules are whatever the motions’ judge says there are. So lawyers take positions on these issues with varying degrees of reasonableness.

A new Wisconsin cases is illustrative of this issue. In Dauska v. Green Bay Packaging Inc., the defendant filed a motion for sanctions and to compel the deposition of the Plaintiff who refused to be deposed. Why? Plaintiff’s attorney refused to allow his client’s deposition until he received discovery responses from the Defendant. Plaintiff’s lawyer did not file a motion for a protective order but did make it clear his client would not appear for deposition. Continue reading →

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We should probably have a subsection for cross-examination materials in our Litigation Strategies category. But we have a lot of materials both on the web site and on the blog that I think are of interest if you are preparing a cross:

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Trying to successfully resolve clients’ medical liens has to be one of the most difficult challenges facing personal injury lawyers in large cases. I have had many cases where the hardest part of the case was not getting the settlement or verdict’ but getting the medical liens resolved. It also can be most frustrating because while defense lawyers take a lot of crazy positions in our cases, the threat of an eventual trial usually allows logic and reason to surface. In dealing with medical lien holders, logic and reason and even their own economic interest are rarely prominent players in the mix.

Most of these frustrations are shared only among plaintiffs’ lawyers and their clients while the rest of the world worries about their own problems. Which is why I have enjoyed watching the U.S. Supreme Court wrestle with these issues in Delia v. E.M.A.

At the center of this tragedy sits an oblivious twelve year old girl who lives – peacefully, I pray – in Taylorsville, North Carolina. As a result of medical malpractice during delivery by a doctor who had a history of drug abuse, and surrendered his North Carolina medical license, she has severe mental retardation and suffers from a seizure disorder. She is deaf, blind, unable to sit, walk, crawl or talk.

[Brief intermission: You know, I'm writing about this case because these lien issues impact a lot of people. This matters to people who are really suffering and really deserve justice which is money damages in our judicial system. And I can't tell you how often I drive by the most horrific facts in a case, digging for some teachable point on the collateral source rule, without giving it much thought. I like myself 15% less than I otherwise would because of this, but what choice do we have? Become immersed in every case that we read and put ourselves in the shoes of everyone suffering? But, this one today just gets me and I'm finding myself imagining being in the shoes of every single person in this tragedy.]
The case settled for $2.8 million. Of course, the settlement agreement did not – because it really can’t – allocate separate amounts for past medical expenses and pain and suffering and other damages. North Carolina’s Medicaid claimed its one-third lien. The law allows the state to take the lesser of either the total amount of the lien or one-third of the court-ordered malpractice payment.

The one-third rule has a real upside: it is easy. Bright line rules are always that way. But as the Supreme Court told us in Arkansas Dep’t of Health & Human Serus. v. Ahlborn, pure bright line justice is not always acceptable and the sum allocable to medical expenses must be determined by some sort of reasonable process before the state can recover on its claim. The 4th Circuit agreed, overturning the North Carolina law because North Carolina statute’s one-third cap on the state’s recovery against a Medicaid recipient’s settlement proceeds did not satisfy Ahlborn because there was no showing that the settlement proceeds were intended to compensate the plaintiff for that amount of the medical claims. Accordingly, the case was remanded to the trial court for an “evidentiary hearing” at which the district court would figure out how much DHHS should get. Continue reading →

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The issue of pre-impact fright is a big deal in wrongful death car accident cases in Maryland.

Why? Well, in non-malpractice cases we have a cap on wrongful death claims and a cap on survival actions. In Maryland – I know some states have it reversed – the survival action is the victim’s loss: his medical bills and pain and suffering damages. It is the only claim in the victim’s own right for the wrong done to them. Under this law, if you shoot a guy in the back of the head without him seeing you coming, there is no survival action. Like the cap itself, this is a dumb law. (Fill in here your own rant about how misguided the cap is. I’ve done it here many times before, but the subject is inexhaustible.)

This matters because juries are not stupid. They want to compensate the victim in their own right and, accordingly, tend to inflate the value of pre-fright impact to make up for the fact that the law foolishly ignores the victim. My partner tried a case once where the jury awarded $3 million for pre-impact fright when the victim uttered an expletive before he died (the driver lived and testified at trial).

Anyway, trying to blunt some of the stupidity of this law, the Maryland Court of Appeals in Benyon v. Montgomery Cablevision in 1998 told us that you can recover in a survival action for mental anguish when you see what turns out to be your death coming. The court found that in survival actions where a decedent has “great fear and apprehension of imminent death before the fatal physical impact, the decedent’s estate may recover for such emotional distress and mental anguish as are capable of objective determination.”

Of course, the problem with pre-impact fright is it is wrought with evidentiary challenges. What did the dead guy think before he died? But the Maryland courts have shown some flexibility on this, in this case and, more recently, in concluding that a boy who drowned suffered in spite of the fact that there was no evidence of this other than the correct application of common sense.

Regrettably, South Carolina went in another direction last week, ruling that there was no evidence to support a conscious pain and suffering claim in a fatal automobile accident case.

There are two issues that the parties addressed in their briefs. First, how much proof do you need to show to prove conscious pain and suffering (which Maryland addressed in the drowning case I just mentioned) and this question of pre-impact fright. The court largely dodges the issue because this case was not well plead – the plaintiff’s lawyer did not even bring a survival action although – adding to the complexity – they settled with other defendants on a survival action that was never pled). Instead, the court refuses to get down in the weeds of the facts of this case and punts on what South Carolina should do in the future.

How boring for us. So let’s look at the defendant’s argument in the case.

    In South Carolina, the cause of action for physical injury survives, even if the injured person does not, and the established law of South Carolina recognizes pain and suffering as damages in such a survival action, but the law requires that it be proven and that it be consciously suffered. Camp v. Petroleum Carrier Corp., 204 S.C. 133, 28 S.E.2d 683 (1944). Speculation is not allowed. In Camp, the evidence considered by the Supreme Court was that a man was heard groaning from within a car before he died of injuries sustained in the wreck. There was no evidence, however, that he was “conscious of pain and suffering.”

What? You had a guy who gets in an accident. Before he dies, he is groaning. Now which is the more likely scenario: he was suffering or he was not suffering? Let’s get Nate Silver or someone to poll people about which one is more likely. I bet 90% say it is more likely that he suffered before he died. Underscoring its credibility, the defendant also signs off on- get this – the idea that evidence that a shooting victim crawled away leaving eight foot trail of blood and clutched leaves and pine needles to his chest wound does not rise to proof of conscious pain and suffering. I kid you not. Continue reading →