Independent Medical Exams: Personal Injury Attorney Cross Examination of Defendant's Medical Expert
A few days ago, I wrote about Prince George's County, Maryland Circuit Court Judge Thomas P. Smith's article entitled Alice in Discovery Land (A Practical Guide to Recurrent Discovery Problems) that appeared years ago in Maryland Litigator, quoting Judge Smith's comment about the oxymoronic phrase "Independent Medical Exam."
Personal injury lawyers in accident cases on both sides of the aisle have their own unique problems. One of the big problems the insurance company's accident lawyers have is obtaining credible medical experts to testify at trial. Attorneys are in a catch-22: they need doctors who regularly testify because of the volume of cases that they have but doctors who are willing to have spend much of their practice testifying for insurance companies have little credibility. As a result, most of their experts are deeply wedded to the insurance companies, a fact that is rarely lost on jurors.
When the defense lawyer's asks for an IME, we send out a list of conditions before agreeing to the exam. We also subpoena the doctor's records. In most cases, the doctor refused to respond to the subpoena because they do not want to reveal the extent to which they are wedding to litigation related work generally and, specifically, to the insurance companies. Consequently, the defendant's lawyer's is forced to withdraw the expert.
A few random thoughts about cross-examining the IME doctor:
How much money do you make? Studies are showing that more and more, high priced hired gun experts (even as opposed to high priced treating doctors) are being increasingly discounted by juries.
The IME doctor usually performs only a cursory evaluation of the injury victim. This should be contrasted to the numerous examinations and conversations with the injury victim by the treating doctors. Accident lawyers should give their clients forms to fill out immediately after the evaluation that asks for, among other things, how much time the doctor spent with the injury victim and what questions he asked. If the doctor did a quick review of the patient, the patient's personal injury attorney should bring this out the direct examination of the client.
Do you agree that there can be honest differences of opinions among doctors? Medicine is not all black and white, right? When the IME doctor agrees -- as he/she must do -- it lends credence to the treating doctor's opinion.
Parse the expert report. Invariably, to maintain some credibility, the IME doctor will throw you a bone or two. Cross the expert with it.
If the treating doctor consulted other doctors in evaluating the patient, the plaintiff's accident lawyer should point out the IME doctor did not. This underscores the difference between an examination for medical purposed and an exam for an insurance company in a lawsuit.
Often, defense experts are named before they evaluate the patient or even see a single medical record, largely because the insurance company's lawyers know they will see the case as they are paid to - the insurance company's way. The IME doctor loses a lot of credibility when the plaintiff's accident lawyer points this out to a jury.
- If the IME physician practices in the same community as the treating doctor, ask the IME doctor if he considers the treating doctor to be a well-respected physician in the community. There are no bad answers to this question.
For more ideas on cross examination of an IME doctor, select here for a sample cross-examination.